IndraLab

Statements


| 937

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"Effect of endodontic access simulation on the fracture strength of lithium-disilicate and resin-matrix ceramic CAD-CAM crowns."

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"In the sagittal plane, modern braces seem to be more effective than traditional braces, but there is an ongoing debate among clinicians, about which CAD-CAM and CAD-FEM brace provides a better treatment outcome."

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"The introduction of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology for complete denture fabrication may have improved clinical outcomes compared with conventional techniques."

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"Interim crowns fabricated by CAD-CAM system are better suited for temporization."

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"A clear consensus as to which finish line design can provide a better marginal and internal adaptation with respect to cobalt-chromium metal alloy copings fabricated by using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology is lacking."

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"This article describes a technique for recording the maxilla's orientation in esthetically driven oral rehabilitation and transferring its position by using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology."

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"Accurate fit of restorations is extremely essential to achieve acceptable longevity. xref The presence of discrepancies at the crown margins favors plaque accumulation and microleakage, dissolution of cement, leading to secondary caries and periodontal disease. xref Multiple studies have assessed the marginal fit and adaptation of CAD-CAM restorations. xref It is suggested that the marginal accuracy of restorations made with CAD-CAM systems may be influenced by the designing software’s and parameters. xref "

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"They observed the lowest surface roughness in CAD-CAM PMMA blocks."

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"Twenty partially edentulous patients, with severe posterior mandibular atrophy, underwent a guided bone regeneration technique by means of customized CAD-CAM titanium mesh in association with a mixture of autologous bone in chips and deproteinized bovine bone (1:1)."

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"Influence of thermomechanical aging on marginal gap of CAD-CAM and conventional interim restorations."

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"Postoperative malocclusion was noted in 1 patient in the CAD-CAM group as opposed to 6 patients in the conventional group."

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"The 30 implants of the control group were placed in another 10 models using a CAD-CAM template."

sparser
"A systematic review of 2359 articles by Tahmaseb et al . showed errors that ranged between 1.12 and 4.5 mm at the crest and between 1.39 and 7.1 mm at the apex when implants were placed through a CAD-CAM stent by the flapless approach."

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"Indeed, a recent study proved that using additional information, data-driven modifications improve the offloading efficacy on handmade and CAD-CAM design for patients with diabetic neuropathy at high risk of foot ulceration [ xref ]."

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"The advances in CAD-CAM technology have enabled precise manufacturing of monolithic zirconia restorations; the occlusal adjustment process cannot be omitted before cementation of prosthesis."

sparser
"Sixty PEEK posts were milled from a prefabricated PEEK blank by using a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) system and divided into 3 groups (n=15) according to the surface treatment: acid etching by using 98% sulfuric acid (AE); airborne-particle abrasion by using 50-μm Al 2 O 3 (AA); nonthermal plasma treatment (NTP); in addition, PEEK posts (n=15) received no treatment (NT) and served as a control."

sparser
"The use of laser welding on milled cylinders allows for, in time compatible with immediate loading, manufacturing a framework with the same precision fit than the CAD-CAM titanium framework and yields a more accurate fit than the frameworks produced with the lost-wax technique [ xref ]."

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"Effect of light-curing time on microhardness of a restorative bulk-fill resin composite to lute CAD-CAM resin composite endocrowns."

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"Examining the adaptation of modified endocrowns prepared with CAD-CAM in maxillary and mandibular molars: A microcomputed tomography study."

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"Virtual designs were matched with the surface tessellation language (STL) files from the intraoral scans and edited by exocad DentalCAD to create custom trial restorations using SLA 3D and CAD-CAM technologies."

sparser
"Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is used to extract the post shape from a root canal, and a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) software program is used to design the core."

sparser
"Only 28% of responders utilized CAD-CAM techniques for brace fabrication and most (76.8%) still utilized negative molds."

sparser
"However, data on the bond strength of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) and conventional veneering materials to substrates bonded with different composite resins are lacking."

sparser
"This finishing differs not only between conventional systems for the manufacturing of metal frameworks obtained by casting, but also between different CAD-CAM technologies, the number of axes for milling machines or characteristics and the state of the burs used for milling structures [ xref ]."
| PMC

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"The computer-aided design and computed-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) is being increasingly used for making dental restorations."

sparser
"CAD-CAM systems employ contemporary technologies for milling restorations from densely sintered or partially sintered ceramic blocks. xref A scanner digitizes the prepared tooth or die and the restoration is fabricated according to the previously established design."

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"Seventy specimens of a CAD-CAM PICN were divided into 7 groups (n=10): no treatment (control), hydrofluoric acid etching for 20 seconds (HF20), 60 seconds (HF60), 120 seconds (HF120), HF20 + phosphoric acid for 60 seconds and ultrasonic bath for 5 minutes, HF60 + PH, and HF120 + PH."

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"Biaxial flexural strength of various CAD-CAM glass-ceramic materials."

sparser
"Sixteen crowns (n=8) were fabricated with a chairside CAD-CAM system."

sparser
"Therefore, the present study evaluated the effect of different surface treatments and primers on the crown retention of a new CAD-CAM resin composite material."

sparser
"Moreover, such a study proved that considering additional information, data-driven modifications improve the offloading efficacy on handmade and CAD-CAM design as well."

sparser
"The purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate the performance of laboratory-fabricated monolithic posterior LDGC CAD-CAM crowns provided by predoctoral students at the University of Toronto."

sparser
"An overall better marginal and internal adaptation was observed with shoulder and rounded shoulder finish line designs when CAD-CAM methods were used for coping fabrication."

sparser
"A virtual prototype of the modular attachment was designed using CAD-CAM technology and then a rapid prototype was manufactured using fused deposition modelling (FDM)-a type of 3D printer technology, to confirm that it could be easily inserted on to the existing snap-fit arrangements of the MFAB."

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"CAD-CAM devices in dentistry use subtractive and additive manufacturing technology."
| PMC

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"Influence of Gingival Contour on Marginal Fit of CAD-CAM Zirconia Copings on Implant Stock Abutments."

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"Niem et al. [ xref ] concluded that the mechanical properties of ceramic CAD-CAM materials and polymer-based materials were not affected by thermocycling in terms of their flexural strength and modulus of elasticity."

sparser
"No statistically significant differences could be detected between each type of implant for implants placed using standard CAD-CAM stereolithographic templates and implants placed using the novel real-time navigation system based on IMUs (p>0.13)."
| PMC

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"Fabrication of a CAD-CAM custom healing abutment guided by a conventional dental radiograph for delayed loaded dental implants: A dental technique."

sparser
"this in vitro investigation aims to evaluate and compare optical properties of three types of esthetic CAD-CAM monolithic multi-layered zirconia materials with a control (conventional lithium disilicate, IPS e. max CAD)."

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"Mandibular two-implant overdentures with CAD-CAM milled bars with distal extensions or retentive anchors: a randomized controlled trial."

sparser
"To compare the gloss retention of four resin based materials, two direct resin composites (Tetric EvoCeram and Filtek Supreme) and two indirect resin composite CAD-CAM blocks (Tetric CAD and Lava Ultimate)."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the cement space in computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) crowns of different materials and correlate 2D measurements of cement space with their corresponding 3D values (volume of cement space) by using microcomputed tomography (μCT) analysis of regions of interest."

sparser
"In the CAD-CAM workflow, cross-articulation and overlaying of a patient's interim casts over the definitive casts of tooth preparations poses some challenges because of loss of common anatomic data points such as incisive papilla, rugae, and the palate."

sparser
"This latest edition features nine extra cases that address contemporary treatments and problems such as CAD-CAM, 'invisible braces', failing implants and CBCT."

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"Influence of mechanical and chemical degradation on surface gloss of direct and CAD-CAM resin composite materials."

sparser
"The experimental unidirectional fibre-reinforced composite disk showed the potential to be used as a CAD-CAM disk for post and core fabrication."

sparser
"A total of 507 specimens were evaluated, 222 conventional and 285 CAD-CAM."

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"No significant difference was observed in the flexural strengths of the CAD-CAM materials (P>."

sparser
"Reymus et al. compared different parameters that affect the fracture strength of CADCAM fabricated temporary FDPs [ xref ]."

sparser
"Direct resin composites in general are widely used, and CAD-CAM resin composite materials are becoming progressively more accessible."

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"Influence of the CAD-CAM Systems on the Marginal Accuracy and Mechanical Properties of Dental Restorations."

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"Eight patients were treated, differentiating two groups according to the technique: four patients were treated through standard surgery with resection and primary reconstruction of the defect with calvarial graft, and four patients underwent resection and primary reconstruction through virtual surgical planning (VSP), cutting guides, STL models developed with CAD-CAM technology and PSI (titanium or Polyether-ether-ketone)."
| PMC

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"In the presented study, printed specimens showed higher micro-roughness, higher micro-hardness, and flexural strength similar to CAD-CAM specimens."
| PMC

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"With improvements in computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) techniques, CAM-aided methods, such as a subtractive milling or additive three-dimensional (3D) printing processes, are alternatives to the conventional method of complete denture fabrication [ xref , xref ]."
| PMC

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"The new available technologies, such as the intraoral scanners and the CAD-CAM technologies, together with the availability of prosthetic materials render the immediate-loading protocol [ xref ] possible, with a remarkable decrease in procedure times, improved patient satisfaction and suitable esthetic results [ xref , xref ]."
| PMC

sparser
"It has to be considered that conventional surgical guides produced without CAD-CAM technology by dental laboratories are common tools and widely used in dentistry for positioning implants [ xref ]."

sparser
"Whether the precision of fit of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) complete crowns is affected by the finish line configuration is unclear."

sparser
"Regardless of the fabrication workflow, no differences were observed among the CAD-CAM composite resin post-and-cores (P>."

sparser
"This technique presented utilized a CAD-CAM surgical template that was designed with the purpose of improving accuracy in finding the fractured part with minimal osteotomy, allowing for simultaneous placement of a new implant in the same site, with additional bone graft, utilizing the same template."

sparser
"Metal post-and-cores had slightly better adaptation than the CAD-CAM composite resin post-and-cores; however, the part-digital fabrication workflow of CAD-CAM composite resin post-and-cores provided adaptation parameters within a clinically acceptable range and is less time consuming."

sparser
"To evaluate the marginal and internal fit of endocrowns with different computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials by measuring them with a stereomicroscope (μm)."

sparser
"Insufficient information is available regarding the trueness and precision of artificial teeth in computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milled complete dentures fabricated from custom disks, including prefabricated teeth."

sparser
"Flexural resistance of CAD-CAM blocks."

sparser
"The statistical analysis showed that the accuracy of zirconia coping depends on CAD-CAM system and the location of measurement."

sparser
"Interim restorations represent an essential clinical treatment step; however, limited information is available concerning the performance of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) interim materials."

sparser
"Comparative evaluation of the effect of thermocycling on the mechanical properties of conventionally polymerized, CAD-CAM milled, and 3D-printed interim materials."

sparser
"Importantly, because cutting tools in milling machines may not mill a designed rough margin due to limitations of the cutting tool diameter, a smooth finish line becomes vital for CAD-CAM crowns [ xref ]."
| PMC

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"Using CAD-CAM techniques, the production process can be made consistent and faster [19]."

sparser
"The purpose of this systematic review was to identify, compare, and synthesize the outcomes of published clinical studies related to complete denture fabrication, with respect to the differences between CAD-CAM technology and conventional techniques."

sparser
"There was one case which received a customized alloplastic implant fixed with titanium miniplates and screws, while another patient received a titanium PSI though VSP, cutting guides developed with CAD-CAM technology and STL models."
| PMC

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"Orthodontic-assisted one step- no prep technique: A straightforward and minimally-invasive approach for localized tooth wear treatment using polymer-infiltrated ceramic network CAD-CAM prostheses."

sparser
"Within the limitations of this study, continuing education for dentistry practitioners should emphasize adherence to the principles of tooth preparation when using CAD-CAM crowns in order to improve the quality of preparation and long-term survival of the restorations."
| PMC

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"The use of narrow occlusal rest seat design in CAD-CAM all ceramic surveyed crowns provides higher fracture resistance, and therefore narrow occlusal rest design can be used for providing esthetics with high strength."

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"The findings of the current study showed that different CAD-CAM all-ceramic zirconia-based surveyed crowns with two occlusal rest seat preparations would have a range of fracture resistance for RPD abutments which was greater than the recorded occlusal loads."

sparser
"These observations are similar to a recent study showing higher Ra among printed specimens compared to CAD-CAM [ xref ]."
| PMC

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"This study evaluated the biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and surface roughness of CAD-CAM milled and rapidly-prototyped/3D-printed resins."

sparser
"CLP or SSC application on CAD-CAM PMMAs resulted in smoother surfaces."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the material dependent force-damping behavior of implant-supported crowns fabricated from different computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials luted to implant abutments under different conditions."

sparser
"Further studies should be performed in order to investigate if surface conditioning before glazing increases the bond strength between the resin-composite CAD-CAM and the sealant, after aging procedures because resin-composite are expected to be hydrophilic [ xref , xref , xref , xref , xref , xref , xref , xref ]."
| PMC

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"596), resulting in a reduction in the overall total costs for the CAD-CAM removable complete dentures (P=."

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"Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of implants placed using a CADCAM fabricated CNC-milled implant surgical guide in edentulous jaws."
| PMC

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"Three blinded operators evaluated the fit of the CAD-CAM titanium framework on each model to find clinically acceptable fit."

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"CAD-CAM surgically-guided oral implant site expansion and implant placement in severely atrophic maxilla."

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"In the transverse plane, the CAD-FEM method was more successful than both the CAD-CAM and conventional methods in correcting AAR and PMC, respectively."

sparser
"Frequency-related viscoelastic properties in high translucent CAD-CAM resin-based composites."

sparser
"Within the limits of this study, the results showed that this new technique of personalized bone regeneration (CBR) with the use of custom 3D titanium meshes manufactured with CAD-CAM technology represents a safe, encouraging and predictable alternative for the regeneration of various bone defects."

sparser
"Furthermore, the difference in swelling properties and thus the CAD-CAM mimicry can also be observed in xref ."

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"Scientific data to support scannable and computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM)-compatible interocclusal registration materials are lacking."

sparser
"The effect of surface treatments on the color stability of CAD-CAM interim fixed dental prostheses."

sparser
"The correlation values according to which the upper maxilla and the mandibular teeth-bearing fragment moved in a coordinated fashion further the notion of accuracy of CAD-CAM splints, in this case mainly the final splint."
| PMC

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"Stereolithography (SLA) is the most common additive manufacturing technology in fabrication of static surgical guide utilizing computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) protocol with specialized resin required as briefly listed in xref ."

sparser
"Which surface treatment provides optimal surface roughness, microhardness, and wear behavior for computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials and their enamel antagonists is unclear."

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"Intraosseous Venous Malformation of the Zygomatic Bone: Virtual Surgical Planning and Reconstruction With Customized CAD-CAM Titanium Implant."

sparser
"The superimposition of intraoral scanning, digital photographs, cone beam computed tomography, and a CAD-CAM surgical guide should increase the predictability of esthetic crown lengthening surgery."

sparser
"The variations in the outcomes observed in screw-retained CAD-CAM restorations, depend on the technique used to measurement the marginal fit: SEM, stereomicroscope, optic microscope, scanning laser microscope or photogrammetry [ xref , xref , xref , xref , xref , xref , xref , xref , xref ]."

sparser
"A laboratory scanner was used to digitalize polyvinyl siloxane impressions (part-digital scanned impression direct CAD-CAM [PSC]) of the root canals and resin patterns fabricated directly (part-digital direct CAD-CAM [PDC]) or indirectly (part-digital indirect CAD-CAM [PIC])."

sparser
"Patients in the CAD-CAM group also obtained a better Aesthetic score (3.6/5) when compared to the conventional group (2.5/5)."

sparser
"With regard to the CAD-CAM fabricated series, only between the measuring points after 15,000 insertion and removal cycles and the final stage could a significant drop of the retention forces be observed."

sparser
"Biomechanical behavior of endocrown restorations with different CAD-CAM materials: A 3D finite element and in vitro analysis."

sparser
"Recent innovations in the process for constructing complete dentures using computer aided design and manufacturing (CAD-CAM) techniques will also be discussed."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the flexural strength of CAD-CAM zirconia, lithium disilicate, and lithium disilicate-strengthened aluminosilicate glass ceramics with and without fatigue conditions."

sparser
"This study aimed to compare the microshear bond strength (µSBS) of dual-cure resin cement in CAD-CAM zirconia after different cleaning techniques."

sparser
"These methods are constantly evolving, with the introduction of free flaps in the 1980s, and more recently new technologies such as CAD-CAM."

sparser
"To investigate the fracture resistance of monolithic CAD-CAM all-ceramic surveyed crowns with two different occlusal rest seat designs."

sparser
"Twenty computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) monolithic zirconia specimens and 20 pressed lithium disilicate specimens were fabricated."

sparser
"An advantage of fabricating structures using CAD-CAM systems is the lesser need for the retouching and adapting of the internal surfaces of the metal framework by the laboratory technician, reducing the manual finishing steps on the inner and outer surfaces of the structure, avoiding its possible deterioration and improving the quality of the final touch of the prosthesis [ xref , xref ]."
| PMC

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"Reliability of Chair-side Monolithic CAD-CAM Generated Lithium Disilicate Single Crowns with Knife- Edge Finish Line: Up to 5-Year Retrospective Analysis of Clinical Performance."

sparser
"To evaluate the flexural properties of computer-aided design-computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milled posts fabricated from the experimental fibre-reinforced composite disks in different fibre direction, and to compare the flexural properties of the CAD-CAM milled posts to those of commercial prefabricated posts, RelyX and FRC PostecPlus."

sparser
"Co-occurrence and relative normalized citation analysis of keywords highlighted several research interests, such as comparison studies between LD and zirconia, computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) techniques, and the performance of complete coverage LD restorations."

sparser
"The crystallization process of lithium disilicate crowns has been reported to cause dimensional change, but whether the fit of chairside computer-aided design and computer-aided manufactured (CAD-CAM) zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate crowns is affected is unclear."

sparser
"Except for the flexural strength, the mechanical properties and surface characteristics of the CAD-CAM materials were significantly affected by the material type after aging."

sparser
"CAD-CAM procedures represent only one part of the digital processes, as they further comprise radiography, intraoral scanning (IOS), practice management, and patient recording, just to mention a few [ xref ]."

sparser
"Zirconia frameworks milled by computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) often require clinical adjustments."

sparser
"The flexural strength of CAD-CAM glass-ceramic is reduced by grinding procedures such as milling and fitting adjustment."

sparser
"Furthermore, the postproduction swelling assay indicated a lower swelling degree for the structures printed in RCPhC1-NB/SH at each writing speed and concentration compared with RCPhC1-MA, thereby resulting in less swelling-related deformations and thus a superior CAD-CAM mimicry ( xref )."

sparser
"The superiority of CAD-CAM quantitative strategy versus the TCCI is another important finding of our research, confirmed with a relevant statistical significance (p = 0.00083)."

sparser
"Layering of discolored substrates with high-value opaque composites for CAD-CAM monolithic ceramics."

sparser
"All-ceramic restoration has become popular and plays a significant role in contemporary restorative dentistry as a result of modern technology of computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD-CAM) and the advancement of ceramic nanomaterials, that are capable of providing aesthetic and load-bearing restorations ( xref , xref )."
| PMC

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"Two materials from the acrylic resin group, Jet denture repair acrylic and Duralay, showed higher pushout forces, indicating a better bond with Lucitone 199 CAD-CAM denture base material compared with other tested materials, including composite resin with bonding agent (EZ PickUp, Quick Up, and Triad gel) and composite resin without bonding agent (Chairside)."

sparser
"Since the original design is done in the form of a CAD-CAM file, a conversion to G-code has to be performed."

sparser
"The accuracy of zirconia coping was significant affected by CAD-CAM system and the location of measurement."

sparser
"- Line 438: “ Long term monitoring is another reason to prefer the CAD-CAM design approach….”."

sparser
"However, for computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD-CAM) fabricated crowns, such as those fabricated from monolithic zirconia, additional principles, including the quality of the finish line form, line angle form, and the occlusal surface preparation design (anatomical, semi-anatomical, or non-anatomical), become essential [ xref , xref ]."
| PMC

sparser
"The images of the logos obtained via LSM showed a superior CAD-CAM mimicry for the thiol-ene photoclick hydrogels (left panel) in comparison with the chain-growth polymerized materials (right panel)."

sparser
"It is then precision-made using a CAD-CAM process, ensuring close adaptation to the palatal anatomy of the teeth."
| PMC

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"The Zr CAD-CAM systems assessed exhibited marginal fit and internal adaptations measurements of 16.0 to 50.1 µm and 40.2 to 102.5 µm respectively."

sparser
"We used “axial split osteotomy” in a double-barrel fibula for excellent height matching between the native mandible and neomandible (double-barrel fibula) under the guidance of computer-aided design–computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology."

sparser
"This study aimed to compare the surface roughness, hardness, and flexure strength of interim indirect resin restorations fabricated with CAD-CAM (CC), 3D printing (3D), and conventional techniques (CV)."
| PMC

sparser
"How processing by computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) or traditional chairside fabrication techniques affects the presence of defects and the mechanical properties of interim dental prostheses is unclear."

sparser
"CAD-CAM complete denture resins: an evaluation of biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and surface characteristics."

sparser
"Scientific data analyzing the clinical outcomes and costs of complete dentures fabricated by using conventional and computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) processes are lacking."

sparser
"The presence of a cantilever negatively affected the strength of the prostheses, although the structures manufactured by CAD-CAM still revealed high strength and homogenous stress distribution on occlusal loading."

sparser
"Effect of different finish line preparations on the marginal and internal adaptation of cobalt-chromium metal alloy copings fabricated by using CAD-CAM technology: A systematic review and meta-analysis."

sparser
"Electronic (PubMed, Cochrane, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar) and manual searches were conducted for articles published from January 2010 to December 2020 to identify relevant studies evaluating the effect of different finish line preparations (chamfer, deep chamfer, shoulder, rounded shoulder) on the marginal and internal adaptation of cobalt-chromium metal alloy copings fabricated by using CAD-CAM technology."

sparser
"Endocrowns were produced by using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacture (CAD-CAM)."

sparser
"To simplify and standardize the approach, we described the use of a computer-aided designed and computer-aided manufactured (CAD-CAM) template for TMJ surgery in 2019, yet several modifications have been proposed to this promising technology. [ xref ] Most of the described modifications require 3D imaging (e.g., CT, cone beam CT, MRI) of the corresponding TMJ and the surrounding tissue, in addition to an optical three-dimensional (3D) scan of the face."

sparser
"CAD-CAM CDs should be considered for completely edentulous patients whenever possible, since this technique offers numerous advantages including better retention, mechanical- and surface properties but, most importantly, preserves a digital record."

sparser
"To evaluate the performance of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) versus titanium computer-aided designed and manufactured (CAD-CAM) framework for implant-supported fixed complete dentures (ISFCDs) with a follow-up for a duration of up to 5 years."

sparser
"Additionally, a rough, irregular, or stepped finish line is detrimental for the fabrication of CAD-CAM crowns; however, preparations with poor finish line quality were observed in 46% of the preparations analyzed in this study."
| PMC

sparser
"This report focuses a defect comprising the complete mandible due to osteonecrosis, including both condyles, that required bilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction with complete mandibular corpus using a computer-aided-design and computer-aided-manufacturing(CAD-CAM) planning to harvest a scapula chimeric free flap combined with plate including bilateral alloplastic TMJ prosthesis."

sparser
"Following from this, there has been extensive development of monolithic zirconia materials milled from solid blocks using CAD-CAM technology and without any additional porcelain coating."

sparser
"Disk-shaped specimens (10 × 2 mm) of 3 different CAD-CAM PMMAs, AvaDent (AV); Merz M-PM (M-PM); Polident (Poli), and a conventional heat-polymerized PMMA (Vynacron) (CV) (n=21) were divided into 3 different surface treatment groups (n=7): conventional laboratory polishing (CLP), polishing with acrylic resin polisher kit (PK), and a surface sealant (Palaseal) (SSC)."

sparser
"Literature data reported that the LWT method and CAD-CAM technology have statistically similar results."

sparser
"The intraoral scan showed lower marginal discrepancy than the extraoral scan in CAD-CAM monolithic crowns, but these differences were not observed in each of the ceramic systems."

sparser
"The three main methods of brace designing and manufacturing are: conventional, computer-aided design with computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM), and computer-aided design with finite element modeling (CAD-FEM)."

sparser
"The limitations of this study are that only CAD-CAM crown preparations using monolithic zirconia were evaluated and that the data were gathered from a limited number of laboratories."
| PMC

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the retentive behavior of implant overdentures and the loss of retention from clip wear when used with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) fabricated bar attachments from cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr), zirconia (ZrO 2 ), and BioHPP to identify the optimal material in terms of minimal loss of retention and minimal wear."

sparser
"The optical properties of esthetic computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials can change depending on the clinical situation."

sparser
"Available literature on monolithic lithium disilicate CAD-CAM crowns also shows encouraging results."
| PMC

sparser
"The models were scanned using an optical scanner and compared to CAD-CAM projects."

sparser
"Effect of cementation and aging on the marginal fit of veneered and monolithic zirconia and metal-ceramic CAD-CAM crowns."

sparser
"Fifty-two extracted human third molars were randomly assigned into four groups (n = 13): C; DME + C; R; and DME + R. Inlays were fabricated in CAD-CAM and bonded to all teeth."

sparser
"Even though all the CAD-CAM polymer-based materials marketed in blocks tested in the present study satisfy the requirements of ISO standard for polymer-based materials, their flexural resistance differs significantly."

sparser
"Conventional heat-polymerized PMMA resin proved to have higher SR values as compared to CADCAM PMMA resins [ xref ]."
| PMC

sparser
"Also, it suggests further research to improve the adhesion milling Lava™ Ultimate by the action of the diamond burs because this process increased the roughness of all CAD-CAM ceramic and composite resin blocks [ xref ], therefore, better performance of this interface could be expected in a real clinical situation."

sparser
"Based on the 2-year data, the CAD-CAM onlays manufactured with feldspathic and lithium-disilicate based ceramics showed similar clinical performance."

sparser
"The focused question was "Do milling, fitting adjustments, and hydrofluoric acid etching affect the flexural strength and roughness of CAD-CAM glass-ceramics?" For the meta-analysis, flexural strength and Ra data on milling, fitting adjustment, and HF etching versus control (polishing) were analyzed globally."

sparser
"Bond strength of ceramic or resin CAD-CAM laminate veneers."

sparser
"The Crystal Ultra material exhibited better color stability compared to resin nanoceramics, but higher color change when compared with Vita Enamic PICN and lithium disilicate glass-ceramic CAD-CAM materials."

sparser
"The performance of endocrowns fabricated with different types of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) materials is unclear."

sparser
"CAD-CAM removable complete dentures can be considered a viable alternative to conventional removable complete dentures regarding treatment duration, clinical and follow-up visits, adjustments, and maintenance requirements."

sparser
"Five types of resin composite CAD-CAM materials: a resin composite ceramic Vita Enamic (E) and four types of nanoparticle-filled resins, like Lava Ultimate (L), Cerasmart (C), Shofu HC (S), Hyramic (H) were taken into consideration."

sparser
"Influence of different surface treatments and universal adhesives on the repair of CAD-CAM composite resins: An in vitro study."

sparser
"It seems that a CAD-CAM workflow favors a better standardization procedure for prosthesis manufacturing."
| PMC

sparser
"Nevertheless, recent evidence points out that conventional manufacturing techniques could still be considered as effective and reliable for the fabrication of precise prostheses as CAD-CAM technologies [ xref ], delivering marginal discrepancies bellow 120 μm, which is a clinically acceptable threshold."

sparser
"A simple practical occlusal reduction design with a non-anatomical occlusal surface has been suggested for CAD-CAM restorations."
| PMC

sparser
"A virtual surgical planning for lesion excision and defect remodeling based on CAD-CAM techniques was undertaken, and than the reconstruction surgery was performed in a single procedure using PEEK prosthesis."

sparser
"Prochnow et al. [ xref ] evaluated the effects of different HF acid concentrations of 3%, 5% or 10% on the cyclic load-to-failure of CADCAM lithium disilicate crowns cemented by resin cement and found no negative effect of the different HF concentrations."
| PMC

sparser
"Effect of Staining and Aging on Translucency Parameter of CAD-CAM Materials."

sparser
"Data from a computerized tomographic scan can be used to shape a precise 3-dimensional homologous bone block using a CAD-CAM system."

sparser
"Twenty zirconia crowns fabricated from inCoris ZI by Cerec InLab CAD-CAM system (Dentsply Sirona Inc, USA) and Ceramill ZI by Ceramill CAD-CAM system (Amann Girrbach, Austria) were measured the discrepancy at six locations using silicone replica technique."

sparser
"To evaluate the wear of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) dental ceramic materials opposed by enamel as a function of increased chewing forces."

sparser
"In vitro performance and fracture resistance of interim conventional or CAD-CAM implant-supported screw- or cement-retained anterior fixed partial dentures."

sparser
"Composite resin post-and-cores were milled from nanohybrid glass-ceramic composite resin CAD-CAM blocks (Brava Block; FGM) by using the part-digital workflow."

sparser
"In-office full digital workflow has been incorporated in daily routine, from intraoral 3D scanning to chairside CAD-CAM of restorations, because it is time saving, it reduces the quantity of patient visits to the office, and eliminates the need of a dental technician ( xref , xref )."

sparser
"However, there is insufficient evidence yet to conclude that CAD-CAM, and CAD-FEM methods provide significantly better clinical outcomes than those of conventional methods in the treatment of scoliosis curve."

sparser
"We aimed to obtain the barrier model using a CADCAM dental application to optimize the anatomic situation on the bone site and improve the in vivo biological behavior of the regeneration procedure."

sparser
"Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) methodologies allow the fabrication of custom dental implant abutments with a variety of materials and techniques."

sparser
"Axial split osteotomy can be performed with precision with the aid of CAD-CAM technology and a cutting guide."

sparser
"Optical effect of resin cement, abutment material, and ceramic thickness on the final shade of CAD-CAM ceramic restorations."

sparser
"The quality of the digital cast obtained from an intraoral scanner is an important comparison parameter for computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) restorations."

sparser
"A previous study xref has shown that the combined application of a silane primer (Monobond Plus) and adhesive (Heliobond) increased the free surface energy of an air abraded CAD-CAM resin composite (Lava Ultimate)."

sparser
"Inlay cranioplasties following partial craniectomy in tumor or trauma cases and onlay cranioplasties for reconstructions of residual developmental skull anomalies are frequently performed using CAD-CAM techniques."

sparser
"Standardized endocrowns were manufactured using four CAD-CAM blocks: resin infiltrated ceramic (Vita Enamic), partially stabilized tetragonal zirconia (Katana), lithium disilicate ceramic (IPS e.max CAD), and polyether-ether-keton (PEEK, BioHPP)."

sparser
"Alumina airborne particle abrasion creates a rough pitted surface, whereas, hydrofluoric acid etching removes filler particles leaving behind a honeycomb-like appearance. xref Some studies xref , xref , xref reported superior bond strength to CAD-CAM resin composites following airborne particle abrasion; others xref , xref reported an equivalent bond between particle abrasion and hydrofluoric acid etching or an improved bond with particle abrasion and hydrofluoric acid etching combined."

sparser
": This study aimed to evaluate the marginal and internal discrepancy of the zirconia coping fabricated by two dental computer-aided design-computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) systems."

sparser
"Evaluation of the marginal microleakage of CAD-CAM compared with conventional interim crowns luted with different types of cement: An in-vitro study."

sparser
"Conclusion  The angulation of the screw channel with CAD-CAM technology resulted in good clinical outcomes and did not affect MBL."

sparser
"Fatigue performance of adhesively luted glass or polycrystalline CAD-CAM monolithic crowns."

sparser
"Wear evaluation of CAD-CAM dental ceramic materials by chewing simulation."

sparser
"Full-factorial design was employed for experimental testing, considering the following three factors: (a) inner crown material ‒ technology (zirconia ‒ CAD-CAM; metal-alloy ‒ SLS; metal-alloy ‒ SLM); (b) tooth type (canine or molar); (c) wet vs. dry conditions (i.e. either with or without artificial saliva)."

sparser
"The 30% reduction in operative time was a result of faster and more precise resection using CAD-CAM cutting guides and testing on STL models after VSP."
| PMC

sparser
"Therefore, the aim of the study was to compare the marginal fit and internal adaptation of partially stabilized zirconia fixed partial dentures fabricated with different CAD-CAM systems."

sparser
"The present study revealed, that the internal adaptation of fixed partial denture specimens was significantly different based on the type of CAD-CAM system used."

sparser
"This was followed by virtual implant planning, after which we designed and printed the CAD-CAM surgical stent."

sparser
"Such a design may reduce milling times, improve accuracy, and expedite the treatment process, all of which will enhance the overall quality of CAD-CAM crowns [ xref , xref ]."
| PMC

sparser
"Static guiding involves the cost of manufacturing the CAD-CAM stent."
| PMC

sparser
"Patients treated with standard techniques had a mean operation time of 188.7 min (range 175–210) and patients treated with VSP, cutting guides developed with CAD-CAM technology, STL and PSI models, had a mean operation time of 121 min (range 99–143)."
| PMC

sparser
"Maxillary and mandibular edentulous models fabricated from cobalt-chromium alloy were scanned, and 2-mm-thick denture bases were designed and fabricated by using 4 fabrication techniques and materials: CAD-CAM milled (CCM), 3D printed (3DP), injection molded (IM), and compression molded (CM)."

sparser
"Monolithic and bilayer CAD-CAM zirconia crowns showed marginal gaps that were within an acceptable range of clinical discrepancy, regardless of cementation."

sparser
"Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it can be concluded that the CAD-CAM zirconia-based surveyed crowns had higher fracture resistance than lithium disilicate based surveyed crowns."

sparser
"To evaluate the influence of intraoral and extraoral digitization systems on marginal discrepancy of monolithic lithium disilicate and monolithic zirconia computer-aided design-computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) crowns."

sparser
"How will surface conditioning methods influence the translucency and color properties of CAD-CAM resin-matrix ceramics with different thicknesses?"

sparser
"CAD-CAM systems are composed of three main steps: scanning, design and manufacturing [ xref , xref , xref , xref , xref ]."
| PMC

sparser
"Adhesion, Mechanical Properties, and Microstructure of Resin-matrix CAD-CAM Ceramics."

sparser
"The disk was milled by the Cerec InLab CAD-CAM system to fabricate a post."

sparser
"To simulate different clinical situations, abutments were divided into 3 groups: 10 abutments (group GOS) received artificial gingiva and were scanned with an open system intraoral scanner, while 10 abutments with (group GIS) and 10 abutments without artificial gingiva (group IS) were scanned with an intraoral scanner within an integrated CAD-CAM system."

sparser
"The CAD-CAM monolithic groups were translucent zirconia, zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate, lithium disilicate, leucite-reinforced glass ceramic, and feldspathic ceramic."

sparser
"Complete denture digital workflow: Combining basic principles with a CAD-CAM approach."

sparser
"Electronic database searches were performed using the terms "PEEK", "CAD-CAM", "dental", "dentistry" to identify studies related to the use of PEEK for the fabrication of CAD-CAM prostheses."

sparser
"CAD-CAM manufacturing procedures result in significant strength-limiting damage which is likely to influence restoration performance; however, this can be partially mitigated by post-machining heat treatment."

sparser
"Effect of CAD-CAM ceramic materials on the color match of veneer restorations."

sparser
"The purpose of the in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of a layer of high-value opaque composite resin over discolored substrates to determine its masking ability with CAD-CAM ceramics."

sparser
"For this reason, and due to the diffusion of CAD-CAM procedures in laboratories, chairside procedures are actually less appreciated by many dentists, who see them as a possible waste of time, diverting them from the real clinical activity 12 ."

sparser
"A CAD-CAM fabricated surgical guide that satisfactorily reproduces virtually planned implant positions can play a significant role in the success of implant-retained prosthetic solutions.[ xref ]"

sparser
"In addition to principles of tooth preparation required for conventional restorations, factors such as a rough, irregular, or stepped finish line and a non-anatomical occlusal surface that may lead to an increased marginal gap must be considered when preparing teeth for CAD-CAM crowns [ xref , xref , xref , xref ]."
| PMC

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of different surface treatments on the surface roughness and stainability of 3-dimensionally printed, computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milled and conventional interim materials."

sparser
"The results of this RCT confirm that mandibular 2-IODs with a CAD-CAM milled bar with long distal extensions are not an inferior treatment to the conventional IODs on retentive anchors in the short term (1-year)."

sparser
"Wax patterns of the frameworks were designed and fabricated by using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacture (CAD-CAM) technology to ensure their geometrical consistency."

sparser
"Prosthetic outcomes and clinical performance of CAD-CAM monolithic zirconia versus porcelain-fused-to-metal implant crowns in the molar region: 1-year results of a RCT."

sparser
"Effect of CAD-CAM tool deterioration on the trueness of ceramic restorations."

sparser
"Laboratory costs of CAD-CAM removable complete dentures were significantly lower than those of conventional removable complete dentures (P<."

sparser
"Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacture (CAD-CAM) titanium abutments were fabricated for a vertically placed implant and a 15-degree tilted implant."

sparser
"Therefore, it is hypothesized that 3Dprinted restorations have better or comparable mechanical properties to CAD-CAM interim resins."
| PMC

sparser
"Within the limits of this present study, CAD-CAM milled and rapidly-prototyped complete denture resins performed similar in terms of biocompatibility and surface roughness."

sparser
"Finally, we show that the CAD-CAM strategy achieved better offloading performance than the traditional shape-only based approach."

sparser
"A complete coverage crown was designed in standard tessellation language format and 20 resin crowns were fabricated by using computer aided design-computer aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM)."

sparser
"Fabrication of complete dentures by computer-aided designing and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) techniques are now common."

sparser
"The current development of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) has brought the prosthodontics field to a new frontier."

sparser
"A newly developed CADCAM fabricated surgical guide with an internal irrigation channel for flapless bone split was presented."

sparser
"Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing (CADCAM) technology has brought about the influx of intraoral scanners which enable scanning of tooth preparations for prosthetic fabrication (Logozzo et al., xref ; Trifković, Budak, Todorović, et al., xref ; Brandestini et al., xref )."

sparser
"This study aimed to introduce a novel cone beam CT (CBCT) image-based computer aided design and computer aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) template for orthodontic miniscrew implantation and to evaluate the effectiveness of miniscrews implanted under the guidance of this template."

sparser
"Two different types of resin-matrix CAD-CAM ceramics; a nanoparticle-filled resin (CeraSmart; CS) and a resin nanoceramic (Lava Ultimate; LU) were tested."

sparser
"This article describes a 3D virtual diagnostic analysis for treatment planning an esthetically driven functional rehabilitation by using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology."

sparser
"Five more test groups (n= 10) were light-cured in a natural tooth mold from three sites (buccal, palatal and occlusal) under a 9.5 mm thick nanohybrid resin composite CAD-CAM endocrown (Lava Ultimate A2 LT), for different irradiation times: 90 seconds per site, 40 seconds per site, 30 seconds per site, 20 seconds per site and 10 seconds per site."

sparser
"Retention was provided by Memotain retainers which were fabricated digitally using CAD-CAM (computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing) technology in the first group and by five-stranded retainers which were fabricated manually using a conventional bending method in the second group."

sparser
"A total of 320 specimens were fabricated from autopolymerizing polymethyl methacrylate, bis-acryl composite resin, CAD-CAM polymethyl methacrylate resin (milled), and 3-dimensionally printed composite resin (printed) (n=80)."

sparser
"First, we were interested to know whether a customized three-dome CADCAM barrier can provide information about appropriate responses that are time- and space-dependent (e.g., colonization during GBR, predictable bone volume generation, adequate soft tissue reactions)."

sparser
"In this context, the use of CAD-CAM technology could have several advantages in comparison with other available solutions to correct unfavorable implant positioning, such as cement-retained prostheses or placement of angled abutments."

sparser
"The polycarbonate-based CAD-CAM material Temp Premium Flexible Transpa had the highest statistically significant values of the fracture toughness and fracture work (P<0.001)."

sparser
"In this clinical report, the existing design principles and CAD-CAM materials were combined to fabricate a metal-acrylic resin IFCDP that minimized individual tooth fracture and facilitated efficient resurfacing of worn surfaces."

sparser
"Aims: 1) to develop a novel quantitative-statistical framework (QSF) for the evaluation and design of the insoles’ offloading performance through in-shoe pressure measurement; 2) to compare the pressure-relieving efficiency of traditional shape-based total contact customised insoles (TCCI) with a novel CAD-CAM approach by the QSF."

sparser
"PEEK is a relatively new material that is becoming widespread in clinical practice, although few studies are available on CAD-CAM FPDs [ xref ]."

sparser
"Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology provides for a 3-D-printed template that allows for osteotomy preparation in the mouth as per the virtual plan on the software where the depth, angulation, and axial inclination of the implant are planned as per the restorative needs of the case."

sparser
"Engler et al. [ xref ] investigated the residual monomer elution from different conventional and CAD-CAM dental polymers."

sparser
"The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) based post and core restorations using heat-pressed and computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) methods."

sparser
"CAD-CAM Removable Complete Dentures: A systematic review and meta-analysis of trueness of fit, biocompatibility, mechanical properties, surface characteristics, color stability, time-cost analysis, clinical and patient-reported outcomes."

sparser
"Advanced computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology led to the introduction of an increasing number of machinable materials suitable for dental prostheses."

sparser
"The present study was based on the hypothesis, partially stabilized zirconia restorations when fabricated using different CAD-CAM milling systems will show a significant difference in their marginal fit and adaptation."

sparser
"Time required for the computer-aided design (CAD) process, the CAM process, and the delivery of the CAD-CAM prostheses were extracted."

sparser
"This study aimed to compare the surface roughness, hardness, and flexure strength of interim indirect resin restorations fabricated with CAD-CAM (CC), 3D printing (3D), and conventional techniques (CV)."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of supporting conditions and the use of an anchor microscrew on the seating and functional stabilization of a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) implant surgical guide with a completely limiting design."

sparser
"Long term monitoring is another reason to prefer the CAD-CAM design approach."

sparser
"Forty cylinders (Ø6.8×9 mm) of a representative presintered Co-Cr alloy (Ceramill Sintron) were prepared with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate onlays designed and manufactured with the same CAD-CAM system but manufactured with different materials."

sparser
"The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of the CAD-CAM system and pressing technique on the marginal adaptation of lithium disilicate crowns."

sparser
"One of the CAD-CAM materials, Cast, had the highest dry Vickers hardness value, which was non-significant when compared to Therapon Transpa (P=0.762)."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of simulated toothbrushing on surface gloss, roughness, and wear of chairside CAD-CAM materials."

sparser
"The linear deviations were very similar for implants placed using CAD-CAM templates and the new IMU devices, independently of users’ previous experience ( p = 0.319)."
| PMC

sparser
"Periodontal plastic surgery for esthetic crown lengthening by using data merging and a CAD-CAM surgical guide."

sparser
"Finally, the esthetic CAD-CAM veneer and crown were produced digitally using the CAD Wax as a guide."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the optical properties of esthetic CAD-CAM specimens after ultraviolet (UV) aging based on the type and thickness of the material."

sparser
"The efficiency of laser application for debonding laminate restorations manufactured of current CAD-CAM materials with different thicknesses."

sparser
"The technique introduced in this study uses CADCAM in most of the workflow, thereby simplify the process and produce surgical templates with an accuracy comparable to that of templates made with the RP technique."
| PMC

sparser
"The aim of this study was to compare the quality of different computer-assisted-design and computer assisted manufacturing systems (CAD-CAM) generated by only one scanner, focusing on vertical fit discrepancies and the mechanical properties."

sparser
"The null hypothesis was that no variations would exist in the fracture strength of CAD-CAM ceramic crowns for RPD abutments with different occlusal rest seat designs (wide and narrow base occlusal rest seat)."

sparser
"The idea of rebuilding the TMJ in function and improving the facial esthetic has been addressed superficially in the literature; however, the current technology for manufacturing a TMJ prosthesis using CAD-CAM to recover function makes it possible to integrate the esthetic recovery of face, mainly in patients under complex TMJ disease."

sparser
"This protocol is beneficial to the dental technician and even useful for clinicians who are still using the conventional impression method but require prostheses that adopt the CAD-CAM approach with the example of monolithic zirconia restoration [79] ."

sparser
"The CAD-CAM abutments presented the same mechanical fracture load and wear measurements as the TI group, except for the SLM material, which showed increased wear."

sparser
"Lithium disilicate crowns can be manufactured by computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) or with the heat-pressed technique."

sparser
"Using CADCAM additive technology, a narrow slot along the field of interest and a pin of a cooling pipe was designed and implemented in a surgical guide template."

sparser
"Effect of milling, fitting adjustments, and hydrofluoric acid etching on the strength and roughness of CAD-CAM glass-ceramics: A systematic review and meta-analysis."

sparser
"The correction of screw channel angulation with CAD-CAM is not associated with an increased dental implant failure or MBL and it can be an alternative to other angled abutments or cemented restoration."

sparser
"To evaluate different intervals of exposure to staining solutions and artificial aging on translucency parameter (TP 00 ) of CAD-CAM materials."

sparser
"Moreover, the CAD-Cam technique is related to drastically low amounts of methacrylate monomer [ xref ]."

sparser
"Although there exists a collection of studies on the bond strength between CAD-CAM resin composite materials and resin cements, no previous studies have performed crown retention testing."

sparser
"Effect of surface treatment and cleaning on the bond strength to polymer-infiltrated ceramic network CAD-CAM material."

sparser
"Using CAD-CAM technology and additive manufacturing, a TMJ prosthesis was produced, through the use of the mirror image, orthognathic surgery was realized using the right side as &quot;esthetic side&quot; with suitable shape and angulation."

sparser
"Effect of mouth rinses on optical properties of CAD-CAM materials used for laminate veneers and crowns."

sparser
"Surgical Treatment of Cherubism with the Use of Three-Dimensional Virtual Planning and CAD-CAM Resection Guides: A Case Report and Systematic Literature Review."

sparser
"It is reported that parameters specific to the milling and machining process including number and dimensions of burs, axis of milling and machining type (soft or hard) may effect the fit and adaptation of CAD-CAM restorations. xref , xref A three or four axis machine may not be capable of producing undercuts, therefore show low accuracy and marginal fit. xref Furthermore, milling of partially stabilized zirconia in dry conditions has shown better restorative accuracy then wet milling. xref However, in a study by Kirsch et al, restoration fabricated with a 4-axis CEREC milling machine revealed comparable fit outcomes to restoration made with 5-axis milling machines. xref Therefore a controversy exists in these findings."

sparser
"Polyetheretherketone custom CAD-CAM splint for treatment of periodontally affected mobile anterior teeth."

sparser
"Additionally, several studies xref – xref have determined that the use of a silane or adhesive primer or both can improve the bond to CAD-CAM resin composites."

sparser
"Despite the advances of CAD-CAM technology, the success of the restorations is determined by three main factors: marginal fit, fracture resistance, and esthetics [ xref ]."

sparser
"Three monolithic lithium disilicate crowns were fabricated per participant by using 3 different CAD-CAM systems (intraoral scanners, CAD software, and milling machines): CEREC group (CEREC Bluecam, CEREC AC, CEREC MC); EZIS group (EZIS PO, EZIS VR, EZIS HM); and TRIOS group (TRIOS 3, EXO-CAD, ARUM-4X)."

sparser
"Optical properties of CAD-CAM monolithic systems compared: three multi-layered zirconia and one lithium disilicate system."

sparser
"Marginal fit of 3-unit CAD-CAM zirconia frameworks fabricated using cone beam computed tomography scans: an experimental study."

sparser
"Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) milling and 3-dimensional printing are readily available for the fabrication of interim restorations."

sparser
"Whether cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans can be used for the fabrication of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) is not known."

sparser
"Crowns were machined from CAD-CAM resin composite blocks."

sparser
"This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three hydrofluoric acid (HF) etching periods on the micro-tensile bond strength between two CAD-CAM ceramic systems [Vita Suprinity (VS) and feldspathic CEREC blocs (CB)] and a composite resin."

sparser
"A computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) titanium framework was fabricated on the reference model."

sparser
"CAD-CAM milled complete dentures with custom disks and prefabricated artificial teeth: A dental technique."

sparser
"However, the reliability of modern CAD-CAM systems and new materials allow dentists and laboratories to make new choices, even in the name of a smoother workflow and cost control, when possible."

sparser
"In addition, finish line design may have an impact on the marginal gap and fracture strength of the CAD-CAM restorations."
| PMC

sparser
"Evaluation of Micro-Shear Bond Strength of Four Different CAD-CAM Polymer-Infiltrated Ceramic Materials after Thermocycling."

sparser
"Through this method, we compared the outcomes of traditional shape-based total contact insole design with a novel CAD-CAM approach, based on a mixed 3D shape and pressure measurement information for the placement of offloading features in NDF."

sparser
"Intraoral scans were obtained and data sent to the laboratory for fabrication of a CAD-CAM stent (part tooth, part tissue borne)."

sparser
"Injection-molded (IM), 3. intrinsically colored natural gingiva finish before injection-molded (NG) and three CAD-CAM 4. milled base with bonded prefabricated teeth (M), 5. fully milled including milled teeth (FM) and 6. rapid-prototyped including printed teeth (P)."

sparser
"Continuous monomer release was observed in low quantities in CAD-CAM polymers."

sparser
"Finally, we can conclude that it is possible to work with full CAD-CAM TMJ prosthesis, including parameters of functional and esthetic improvement in its initial design in patients with end-stage TMJ disease."

sparser
"Bonding properties of third-generation zirconia CAD-CAM blocks for monolithic restorations to composite and resin-modified glass-ionomer cements."

sparser
"The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mouth rinses on the color and translucency of three computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) restorative materials in laminate veneer and crown thicknesses."

sparser
"For an implant restoration it is possible to choose between three types of abutments: stock (not customizable) commercial abutment; partially customized by milling but standard machined connection; and complete customized by casting or by using computer-aided design- computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology (milled or sintered) [ xref ]."

sparser
"Polyetheretherketone versus titanium CAD-CAM framework for implant-supported fixed complete dentures: a retrospective study with up to 5-year follow-up."

sparser
"This latter, combined with novel patient-specific finite element modelling of the human foot into the algorithm [ xref , xref ] could reasonably help to advance CAD-CAM insole design."

sparser
"Although effectively used in learning and CAD-CAM applications, in future it shall have wider applications for effective clinical procedures."

sparser
"Another study accounted the chemical composition for the different values of flexural strength of several brand of CAD-CAM PMMA blanks."

sparser
"Four monolithic CAD-CAM ceramic materials were investigated: Ceramill Zolid® FX Multilayer (ZF), IPS e. max® ZirCAD MT Multi (ZM), Katana® STML (KS) and one lithium disilicate glass-ceramics as a control (IPS e. max® CAD LT; LC)."

sparser
"Interim partial prostheses produced by CAD-CAM had a higher strength than those manufactured traditionally."

sparser
"The results of this in vitro study suggest that long-term use of alcohol-containing mouth rinse may alter the optical properties of tested CAD-CAM materials in tested laminate veneer thickness."

sparser
"Fifty bar-shaped and 60 disk-shaped zirconia specimens were milled from nonshaded (Copran Zri) and preshaded (Copran Zri Precoloured Medium) disks by using a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) system."

sparser
"In vitro evaluation of material dependent force damping behavior of implant-supported restorations using different CAD-CAM materials and luting conditions."

sparser
"Resin composite crowns can be easily adjusted and polished chairside and can have occlusal or proximal contacts added with light-cured composite resin. xref – xref Although the reported biaxial flexural strength of a representative CAD-CAM resin composite material was nearly half of that of more commonly utilized glass ceramic materials; xref the former has shown a higher resistance to fatigue loading than the latter. xref Additionally, CAD-CAM resin composite materials have lower wear than glass ceramics. xref These favorable mechanical properties have allowed CAD-CAM resin composite materials to be used for full-coverage posterior crowns."

sparser
"This study aimed to compare marginal and internal adaptation in endocrowns made from translucent zirconia and zirconium lithium silicate using CAD-CAM technology."

sparser
"It explains the slight cytotoxicity of Yamahashi PMMA CAD-CAM blank used in the present study."

sparser
"Karl and collaborators [ xref ] showed that cast frameworks cannot ensure a good passive fit and that CAD-CAM dental restorations have a better marginal fit."
| PMC

sparser
"As compared with FI (20.6±12.9 cm 2 ), both the TCCI (7±8.7 cm 2 ) and the CAD-CAM (5.5±7.3 cm 2 ) approach provided a reduction of R-ROIs mean areas (p<0.0001)."

sparser
"Reviewer #4: Data-driven CAD-CAM vs traditional total contact custom insoles: a novel quantitative statistical"

sparser
"Outcomes in Patients Treated by Means of VSP, CAD-CAM, STL Models and PSI."
| PMC

sparser
"Influence of contemporary CAD-CAM milling systems on the fit and adaptation of partially stabilized Zirconia fixed partial dentures."

sparser
"Of noteworthy interest are those manufactured according to zirconia CAD-CAM technology."

sparser
"The heat-pressed method to manufacture PEEK-based post and core restorations showed higher accuracy than the CAD-CAM method."

sparser
"CAD-CAM specimens exhibited sub-surface lateral cracks alongside radial cracks near fracture origin which were not observed for polished specimens."

sparser
"Significant differences were found in the interactions between CAD-CAM materials and different types of antagonists (P<."

sparser
"An improvement in the fit results could perhaps have been hypothesized due to the developments in CAD-CAM technology."

sparser
"However, two recent studies have demonstrated that preparing a non-anatomical occlusal surface leads to a significantly larger marginal gap on CAD-CAM crowns [ xref , xref ]."
| PMC

sparser
"The results of 2-way ANOVA indicated that the ΔE 2 values were not significantly affected by different CAD-CAM ceramic materials (F=1.560, P=."

sparser
"No statistical differences in the MBL were observed between the two groups of the study (-0.18 ± 0.51 and - 0.23 ± 0.58 mm, respectively).  The angulation of the screw channel with CAD-CAM technology resulted in good clinical outcomes and did not affect MBL."

sparser
"With the different translucency levels and types of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) ceramic materials, choosing the most appropriate CAD-CAM ceramic materials to better reproduce the color appearance of natural teeth can be challenging."

sparser
"To our best knowledge, studies on the fracture strength of CAD-CAM all-ceramic crowns with relation to the various preparations of the occlusal rest seats are missing."

sparser
"Extra-oral assessment of conventional and CAD-CAM complete denture appearance by dental professionals and CRPD wearers: a randomized survey."

sparser
"With the explosion in data amount and availability and the technical means to effectively lever them, this trend towards digital dentistry is accelerating: Digital dentistry is nowadays much more than computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD-CAM), it entails diagnostics, decision-making, treatment conduct and re-evaluation as well as lifelong management of patients’ oral health."

sparser
"The low bacterial colonization in the subtractive group was similarly reported by another study that compared the bacterial colonization between CAD-CAM PMMA blocks and conventionally cured provisional materials [ xref ]."

sparser
"However, PEEK is a promising material because of its high biocompatibility, good mechanical properties, good wear resistance, low plaque affinity, and high bond strength with veneering composites/luting cements [ xref ], although, few studies have assessed this material for CAD-CAM prostheses in clinical settings [ xref , xref , xref , xref , xref , xref ]."
| PMC

sparser
"The aim of this study was to compare the retention forces after artificial aging of telescopic crowns fabricated either by a conventional lost-wax technique or by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology."

sparser
"No statistically significant differences were found between the direct metal laser sintering and CAD-CAM milling techniques in terms of marginal fit."

sparser
"No mechanical removal of parts or procuring of tubes etc. as demonstrated in other studies Figure Legend Various ways in which an orthopedic theatre may witness aerosols generation Illustration demonstrating mechanism by which the augmented filtration system functions to block the aerosols generated in the operating room Flowchart of the process of designing the mould for filter placement using 3D printing technology CAD-CAM design of 3D printed template (A) and Helmet construct (B) Aerosol Generator (A), Particle counter (B), Test results of Filtration efficiency (C) Particle Filtration efficiency test results."

sparser
"A two-way ANOVA demonstrated that BFS was influenced by fabrication route (p < 0.01) with CAD-CAM specimens exhibiting significantly lower mean BFS."

sparser
"On the day of implant placement, local anesthesia was infiltrated (lignocaine Hcl 2% with adrenaline 1:200,000), the CAD-CAM stent was placed and a rotary tissue punch used at 25 RPM to remove the crestal soft tissue."

sparser
"Group 1 included children operated on trigonocephaly using CAD-CAM technology; Group 2 included children operated on trigonocephaly without CAD-CAM technology."

sparser
"Latest developments in CAD-CAM technology have rendered monolithic zirconia restorations a well-established restorative treatment in prosthodontic cases with advanced mechanical and esthetic needs."

sparser
"After prosthetic planning, the decision was taken to rehabilitate the patient with a lower hybrid prosthesis fabricated by CAD-CAM (Figures xref xref – xref )."

sparser
"Complete removable dental prostheses' (CRDPs) appearance may vary between conventional and contemporary CAD-CAM manufacturing techniques."

sparser
"Sixty bar-shaped and 60 rectangular-shaped specimens were prepared from computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) zirconia blocks and split into 2 groups to be sintered at 1550 °C for different holding times (regular: 2 hours, prolonged: 5 hours)."

sparser
"The aim of the study was to compare the results achieved through standard surgery reconstructed with calvarial graft and VSP, CAD-CAM technology, STL models and a PSI."
| PMC

sparser
"The need for improved esthetics led to the development of metal-free abutments, so materials such as ceramics and polymers were used for the manufacturing of implant abutments.[ xref xref ] A common problem that occurred in implant-supported restorations with either metal or zirconia core was chipping of porcelain, which was reduced by the introduction of newer resin-based restorative materials and CAD-CAM technology."

sparser
"More specifically, reduced swelling-related deformations resulting in a superior CAD-CAM mimicry were obtained for the RCPhC1-NB/SH hydrogels."

sparser
"Many CAD-CAM systems are available in the market for chairside digital impression and prosthesis fabrication.[ xref xref xref xref ] Different IOSs by the numbers of company are increasing that offer user-friendly, perceived as pleasant for the patient[ xref xref ] and time efficient[ xref xref ]"

sparser
"The population, intervention, comparison, and outcome (PICO) question was: Do CAD-CAM complete dentures have a similar functional performance to those fabricated by conventional techniques?"

sparser
"Effect of In-office Bleaching on Color, Translucency, and Whiteness Variations in CAD-CAM Monolithic Materials."

sparser
"A CAD-CAM reconstruction was planned with a plate extended by bilateral individual TMJ prosthesis, individual fossa components and combined with a composite free flap originating from the subscapular vessel system including scapula(circumflex subscapular artery) for reconstruction of the mandibular corpus which was osteotomized in three segments with a resection guide, the parascapular skin paddle (descending branch of circumflex subscapular artery) for compensation of the soft tissue deficiency of the cervical skin and latissimus dorsi muscle(thoracodorsal artery) for the inner mucosal lining and intraoral reconstruction."

sparser
"Milling and fitting adjustments increased roughness and reduced the flexural strength of CAD-CAM glass-ceramics."

sparser
"Lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (LDS) was CAD-CAM prepared and ground with #800 SiC paper."

sparser
"In the present study, the highest mean value for surface roughness (Ra) was found in 3D-printed specimens (5.77 ± 0.60 μm), whereas the lowest mean value was observed in CAD-CAM specimens (3.68 ± 0.42 μm)."
| PMC

sparser
"Even without the use of an intraoral scanner, post-and-cores can be obtained by using a part-digital fabrication workflow that requires pattern modeling (direct, indirect, or impression); however, studies on the adaptation of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) composite resin post-and-cores in comparison with metal cast post-and-cores are sparse."

sparser
"This latter, combined with novel patient-specific finite element modelling of the human foot into the algorithm [24,47] could reasonably help to advance CAD-CAM insole design."

sparser
"In conclusion, it is viable to develop a TMJ prosthesis by CAD-CAM that includes esthetic modifications to the face; prospective and clinical studies must be conducted to confirm protocols."

sparser
"Effect of thermocycling on the surface properties of CAD-CAM denture base materials after different surface treatments."

sparser
"The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the mechanical properties of denture base resins manufactured by conventional heat-polymerization and by CAD-CAM in terms of flexural strength, flexural modulus, and surface roughness."

sparser
"Eighty monolithic CAD-CAM all-ceramic surveyed crowns were prepared and divided into 4 groups - Group CR, Composite resin material as a control; Group LDS, Lithium disilicate based material; Group ZIPS, zirconia-material (IPS ZirCAD); and Group ZLHT, zirconia- material (CeramillZolidht+)."

sparser
"CAD-CAM technology and chairside procedures, including the milling process that takes place completely inside the dental clinic, are actually a valuable reality and these kinds of digital machines have been easily available for many years ( xref , xref , xref )."

sparser
"The fit and performance of prostheses fabricated using various computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) systems have been evaluated."

sparser
"A sample of posterior LDGC CAD-CAM crowns (IPS e.max) provided by predoctoral students was evaluated."

sparser
"Fabrication of CAD-CAM CDs required lesser chairside time (p=0.037) and overall costs (p<0.0001) than conventional CDs."

sparser
"The dental impression was sent to the laboratory, where it has been optically scanned and a CAD-CAM path was set."

sparser
"Fatigue resistance of simplified CAD-CAM restorations: Foundation material and ceramic thickness effects on the fatigue behavior of partially- and fully-stabilized zirconia."

sparser
"This systematic review concludes that CAD-CAM CDs offer a number of improved mechanical/surface properties and are not inferior when compared to conventional CDs."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the marginal and internal fit of CAD-CAM ceramic crowns made from lithium disilicate based on 3 different finish lines (rounded shoulder, chamfer, feather-edge)."

sparser
"Recent studies have demonstrated that the surface of CAD-CAM specimens exhibit significantly less adherence to C. albicans than heat-cured specimens [ xref , xref ]."

sparser
"These ceramics systems are marketed in several forms based upon methods in fabricating restoration such as conventional hand-condensed ceramic for fabrication metal ceramic restorations, heat-pressed ceramics, and machinable ceramic for CAD-CAM."

sparser
"In 2014, Boitelle et al. performed an exhaustive review of the marginal fit attained by several CAD-CAM technologies used for tooth-supported prostheses which concluded that CAD-CAM provided a better fit (usually < 80 μm) than conventional methods (usually > 100 μm) [ xref ]."

sparser
"The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the marginal gap of endocrowns fabricated by computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology and digital scanning and conventional impression techniques."

sparser
"They detected higher monomer elution from the conventional PMMA materials that stabilized in the first seven days but Teilo- CAD (CAD-CAM PMMA) started higher monomer elution after 48 hours, continuing until the 60th day of aging."

sparser
"At the same time, new CAD-CAM materials, such as lithium silicate/disilicate ceramics, resin nanoceramics (RCN) and polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network (PICN) have been introduced and quickly have been accepted as materials of choice ( xref , xref )."

sparser
"The Use of a Novel CAD-CAM Splint to Simplify Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Mandibular Angle Fracture: A Technical Note."

sparser
"Wear of monolithic zirconia against different CAD-CAM and indirect restorative materials."

sparser
"Digital scans and CAD-CAM implant casts had accuracy comparable with that of conventional impressions and gypsum casts."

sparser
"Using CAD-CAM techniques, the production process is consistent and faster."

sparser
"The 30 implants of the control group were placed in another 10 models using a CAD-CAM template."
| PMC

sparser
"To evaluate the effect of thermocycling on the water contact angle (WCA), surface roughness (SR), and microhardness (MH) of resin-matrix computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD-CAM) ceramics after different surface treatments (conventional polishing or 2 different surface sealants)."

sparser
"Trueness and precision of artificial teeth in CAD-CAM milled complete dentures with custom disks."

sparser
"The aim of this study was to compare the quality of different computer-assisted-design and computer assisted manufacturing systems (CAD-CAM) generated by only one scanner, focusing on vertical fit discrepancies and the mechanical properties."
| PMC

sparser
"A subgroup analysis assessed the effect of etching parameters (HF concentration and time) on the flexural strength and roughness of CAD-CAM glass-ceramics with different microstructures."

sparser
"This protocol is beneficial to the dental technician and even useful for clinicians who are still using the conventional impression method but require prostheses that adopt the CAD-CAM approach with the example of monolithic zirconia restoration [ xref ]."

sparser
"Severely discolored substrates have been shown to limit the use of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) ceramic blocks because they provide insufficient color masking."

sparser
"The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate completely digital workflows for managing the esthetic outcome through the production of trial restorations with 2 different technologies: stereolithography apparatus (SLA 3D) and computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM)."

sparser
"Considering effectiveness, monolithic CAD-CAM implant crowns may be preferred compared to veneered CAD-CAM crowns."

sparser
"This study evaluated the vertical marginal misfit at the IAI in internal hexagonal connection of four implants systems, with two types of abutments (original stock milled Ti and non-original custom CAD-CAM Co-Cr 3D laser sintered)."

sparser
"Sixteen blocks (5 × 5 × 4 mm) and 50 discs (Ø 12 mm, 1 mm thickness) of In-Ceram Zirconia (ICZ) obtained from CAD-CAM blocks were infiltrated with glass."

sparser
"Next, Endocrown, an all-ceramic crown, was performed for the final coronal restoration (IPS e-max CAD; Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) using the chairside CAD-CAM technology (CEREC; Dentsply Sirona, York, PA, United States)."

sparser
"CAD-CAM polycarbonate-based splint materials exhibit higher fracture toughness and fracture work as well as lower water sorption and solubility than polymethyl methacrylate-based ones."

sparser
"Computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD-CAM) in full and Lava Ultimate restorative materials were chosen."

sparser
"Subtractive and Additive are the two principal CAD-CAM techniques used for this purpose."

sparser
"CAD-CAM approach to designing and fabricating a low-maintenance metal-acrylic resin implant-supported fixed complete dental prosthesis: A clinical report."

sparser
"BioHPP ® ; Bredent, UK) using CAD-CAM technique."

sparser
"Key words: Dental marginal adaptation, interim dental prosthesis, CAD-CAM."

sparser
"Five 3-dimensional (3D) finite element models of an edentulous mandible with SIO were designed as follows: model M with a titanium retentive element for ball attachment, model P with a PEEK retentive element, model S with a silicone resilient liner retentive element, model T with a thermoplastic acrylic resin retentive element made from a CAD-CAM material, and model A with a polyacetal resin retentive element."

sparser
"The posts were adhesively luted, the composite resin core was added, and a composite resin crown was produced with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM), and then adhesively luted to each core."

sparser
"The current study inspected the influence of two different occlusal rest seat preparations made of CAD-CAM system on fracture strength of tooth-colored surveyed crowns."

sparser
"Using CAD-CAM technology and additive manufacturing, a TMJ prosthesis was produced, through the use of the mirror image, orthognathic surgery was realized using the right side as “esthetic side” with suitable shape and angulation."

sparser
"Correlation between 2D and 3D measurements of cement space in CAD-CAM crowns."

sparser
"Aim of this study was to test the CAD-CAM polymer-based materials available on the market, comparing mean flexural strength, Weibull characteristic strength and Weibull modulus."

sparser
"For our research, titanium round bars were milled with CAD-CAM to process abutments of smooth surfaces, followed by sandblasting."
| PMC

sparser
"This technical note describes a technique for flapless guided bone splitting using a newly developed CADCAM fabricated surgical guide with an internal irrigation channel."

sparser
"Most dental materials are available for machining, which is an additional advantage compared to other CAD-CAM technologies [ xref ]."

sparser
"Twenty-four preparations were 3D-printed for each veneer and crown and divided into four groups (n = 6/group): (a) Acrylic resin (Acrílico Marche); (b) Bisacrylic resin (Protemp 4); (c) PMMA computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) (Vipiblock); and (d) 3D-printed resin for provisional restorations (Raydent C&B for temporary crown and bridge)."

sparser
"A specific software that allows the transition from the two-dimensional previsualization of the smile to a three-dimensional volumetric study and then a CAD-CAM processing for the realization of the prosthetic product were used, as also described by Coachman et al. in 2017 [ xref ]."

sparser
"Comparison of the accuracy of implants placed with CAD-CAM surgical templates manufactured with various 3D printers: An in vitro study."

sparser
"A factorial interaction was observed between heat treatment and machining route (p < 0.01), where a significant strengthening effect of post-manufacture heat treatment was noted for CAD-CAM specimens but not sectioned and polished samples."

sparser
"Even though all the CAD-CAM polymer-based materials marketed in blocks tested in the present study satisfy the requirements of ISO standard for polymer-based materials, their flexural resistance differs significantly."