"As shown in xref , TGF-β1 induced Smad2 and Smad3 phosphorylation in NRK52E cells."
"Moreover, TGF-β1-induced Smad2 and Smad3 phosphorylation was higher in L-ENG + than in WT fibroblasts ( xref )."
"Neither R(-)efonidipine (10 µM), selective T-type CCB, nor nifedipine (10 µM), selective L-type CCB, efficaciously inhibited both TGF-β1-induced Smad2 phosphorylation and [(3)H]-leucine incorporation."
"In contrast, TGF-beta1 induced increased Smad2 phosphorylation in HPMCs (p < 0.001), and pretreatment with> = 0.1 nM of eribulin significantly decreased this effect (0.05 nM p = 0.22, 0.1 nM p = 0.04, 0.5 nM p = 0.01, 1 nM p = 0.009; XREF_FIG)."
"However, inhibition of Wnt activity did not affect Smad reporter activation and Smad2 phosphorylation induced by RSPO1 or TGFβ1 ( xref )."
"IL-15SA/IL-15RA did not decrease the TGF-β1-induced phosphorylation of Smad2 or Smad3 ( xref )."
"TGF-beta1 treatment also induced phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3 and up-regulation of ALK5 protein, TIMP-1, and alpha2 type 1 collagen gene expression in isolated myofibroblasts."
"Consistent with previous reports, we found that TGF-β1 increased the phosphorylation of Smad2 as well as the ECM and α-SMA expression in HIFs."
"In contrast, native TGF-beta1 induced only transient Smad2 phosphorylation for only one day, suggesting that pathway activation is critically dependent on TGF-beta1 presentation."
"Concurrently, SB431542 effectively suppressed TGF-β1-induced SMAD2 phosphorylation in BV-2 microglia (Fig. xref )."